History of India and Freedom StruggleGeneral Knowledge SSC Railways State Level Teaching Exams

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Question1) 1. Which of the following is an ex situ mode of wildlife conservation?

Option- ['\xa0Sacred Groves', 'Home Gardens', 'National Parks', 'Biosphere Reserves']

Answer: Home Gardens

Explaination: Correct Answer: B [ Home Gardens ]


Notes:

Sacred Groves, National Parks and other protected area, biosphere reserves etc. are in-situ modes of wildlife conservation.



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Question2) 2. The Indian National Association formed in Calcutta by whom among the following?

Option- ['Dwarkanath Tagore', 'Surendranath Banerjee', 'Prasanno Kumar Tagore', 'Debendranath Tagore']

Answer: Surendranath Banerjee

Explaination: Correct Answer: B [Surendranath Banerjee]


Notes:

On July 26 1876, Surendranath Banerjee, along with Anand Monah Bose, founded the Indian National Association in Calcutta. In 1885 , this organization was merged with the Indian National Congress.



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Question3) 3. Who among the following was the first Indian woman president to chair the Indian National Congress at Kanpur session of 1925?

Option- ['Sarojini Naidu', 'Annie Beasant', 'Nellie Sengupta', 'Indira Gandhi']

Answer: Sarojini Naidu

Explaination: Correct Answer: A [Sarojini Naidu]


Notes:

Sarojini Naidu presided the Indian National Congress at Kanpur session in 1925.



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Question4) 4. “The Bengalee” Newspaper was started by which among the following activists in 1879?

Option- ['Surendranath Banerjee', 'Anandmohan Bose', 'Nabagopal Mitra', 'Rajnarayan Basu']

Answer: Surendranath Banerjee

Explaination: Correct Answer: A [Surendranath Banerjee]


Notes:

Surendranath Banerjee was one of the earliest political leaders during the British Rule. He founded the newspaper “The Bengalee” in 1879 and founded the Indian National Association with Anandmohan Bose, the first Indian political organization of its kind on July 26, 1876. He is renowned today as pioneer leader of Indian politics. He published an important work, A Nation in Making, which was widely acclaimed. The British respected him and referred to him during his later years as “Surrender Not Banerjee”.



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Question5) 5. During which among the following events, Bal Gangadhar Tilak was given the epithet of ‘Lokmanya’?

Option- ['Home Rule Movement', 'Surat Split', 'Swadeshi Movement', 'His imprisonment in 1908']

Answer: Home Rule Movement

Explaination: Correct Answer: A [Home Rule Movement]


Notes:

The name of Tilak became a household name during Homerule Movement and this let him earn the epithet Lokmanya. Home rule movement has been taken from Ireland.The two Home Rule League were set up in April 1916 by Bal Gangadhar Tilak and in Sept 1916 by Annie Besant.The main objective of Home Rule League were:- Self Government in the British Empire. Work for National education ,social and political reforms. Abolition of untouchability.



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Question6) 6. The famous book “Ghulamgiri” was written by__:

Option- ['\xa0B. R. Ambedkar', 'Narayan Guru', 'Jyotiba Phule', 'M. P. Pillai']

Answer: Jyotiba Phule

Explaination: Correct Answer: C [Jyotiba Phule]


Notes:

Jyotirao Govindrao Phule (Mahatma) was born in Pune,was a great social reformer. He dedicated his book Gulamgiri to the American movement to free slaves, he linked the conditions of the black slaves in America with those of the lower castes in India. This comparison contains an expression of hope that one day, like the end of slavery in America, there would be an end to all sorts of caste discriminations in Indian society



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Question7) 7. Who among the following entered into a triple alliance against Haider Ali immediately before the first Anglo-Mysore war of 1767-69?

Option- ['1,2,3', '1,3,4', '1,2,4', '2,3,4']

Answer: 1,2,3

Explaination: Correct Answer: A [1,2,3]


Notes:

In 1766 the British, the Marathas, and the Nizam of Hyderabad entered into a triple alliance against Haider. However, Haider soon bought off the Marathas. The Nizam abandoned the war in 1768, leaving the British to face Haider Ali alone. The latter attacked Arcot and reached the outskirts of Madras. He dictated peace on the basis of the status quo. The English also agreed to help Haider Ali against any third party invasion in future.





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Question8) 8. Who was the first Indian ruler to join the subsidiary Alliance?

Option- ['The Nawab of Oudh', 'Bal Gangadhar Tilak', 'Bidhan Chandra Roy', 'KM Munshi']

Answer: Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Explaination: Correct Answer: B [The Nizam of Hyderabad ]


Notes:

The Subsidiary Alliance System was used by Lord Wellesley (Governor General of India) to bring the Indian states within the boundary of the British political power. Under this doctrine , The Nizam of Hyderabad , the feeblest of all rulers was the first Indian ruler to accept the Subsidiary Alliance in 1798 A.D and came under the British Protection.



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Question9) 9. Who wrote “Gita Rahasya”?

Option- ['Gopal Krishna Gokhle', 'Bal Gangadhar Tilak', 'Bidhan Chandra Roy', 'KM Munshi']

Answer: Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Explaination: Correct Answer: B [Bal Gangadhar Tilak]


Notes:

Shrimadh Bhagvad Gita Rahasya, was written in Marathi language by Indian social reformer and independence activist Bal Gangadhar Tilak while he was in prison at Mandalay, Burma. It is the analysis of Karma yoga which could be found in the Bhagavad Gita.



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Question10) 10. Who was the Last Viceroy of India?

Option- ['Richard Wellesley', 'Warren Hastings', 'Lord Mountbatten', 'Lord Northrook']

Answer: Lord Mountbatten

Explaination: Correct Answer: C [Lord Mountbatten]


Notes:

Lord Mountbatten served as last Viceroy of India from 12 February 1947 – 15 August 1947; and then first Governor General of Free India from 15 August 1947 – 21 June 1948. During his tenure, India got independence in the form of two dominions of India Pakistan. Two Boundary Commissions were set, Pakistan raided Kashmir and Mahatma Gandhi was shot dead.



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