History of India and Freedom StruggleGeneral Knowledge Teaching Exams State Level Railways SSC Compu

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Question1) Which among the following places has given the earliest evidence of agriculture in Indian Subcontinent?


[A] Brahmagiri 

[B] Chirand 

[C] Mehrgarh 

[D] Burzahom



Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: C

Explaination: C [ Mehrgarh ]


Notes:

The site of Mehrgarh is located near the Bolan Pass, in the region of Baluchistan, to the west of the Indus River valley. In 1974, Mehrgarh excavated by the French Archaeologist Jean Francois Jarrige.



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Question2)

Kushinara or Kushinagar, where Lord Buddha attained parinirvana was located in which among the following provinces of ancient India?


[A] Anga

[B] Magadha

[C] Malla

[D] Vatsa



Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: C

Explaination: C [Malla]


Notes:

The Buddha belonged to a small gana known as the Sakya gana, and was a kshatriya. When he was a young man, he left the comforts of his home in search of knowledge. He wandered for several years, meeting and holding discussions with other thinkers. He finally decided to find his own path to realisation, and meditated for days on end under a peepal tree at Bodh Gaya in Bihar, where he attained enlightenment. After that, he was known as the Buddha or the Wise One. He then went to Sarnath, near Varanasi, where he taught for the first time.

Buddha attained Nirvana at Kusinara a village some 180km from Varanasi and it was in the state of Mallas.



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Question3)

Who among the following was the first famous and powerful king of Sen dynasty?


[A] Ballal Sen

[B] Vijay Sen

[C] Samanta Sen

[D] Vikram Sen



Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: C

Explaination: : C [Samanta Sen]


Notes:

Sena dynasty, Indian dynasty ruling in Bengal in the 11th and 12th centuries CE. The Sena dynasty’s founder was Samanta Sena. After him came Hemanta Sena who usurped power and styled himself, king, in 1095 AD. His successor Vijaya Sena (ruled from 1096 AD to 1159 AD) helped lay the foundations of the dynasty, and had an unusually long reign of over 60 years.



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Question4)

Who among the following kings was a contemporary of both Mahavira and Buddha ?


[A] Ajatshatru

[B] Nandivardhana

[C] Bimbisara

[D] Ashoka



Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: C

Explaination: C [Bimbisara]


Notes:

Bimbisara was contemporary of both Mahavira and Buddha. The Jain texts mention that he was a disciple of Lord Mahavira. The Buddhist texts mention that he met Buddha before enlightment. Buddha promised him to visit his capital after he gets enlightment. He was a patron of Buddha and as a mark of goodwill; he presented the Bamboo Grove (karanda venu vana) to the Sangha.



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Question5)

Milinda-Panho is a pali text which record discussion between Milinda and Nagsena. Milinda was a ________?


[A] Satvahan King

[B] Shunga King

[C] Indo Greek Ruler

[D] Nanda king



Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: C

Explaination: : C [Indo Greek Ruler]


Notes:

The Milinda Panho is a Buddhist text which dates from sometime between 100 BC and 200 CE. It records a dialogue between the Buddhist sage Nāgasena, and the Indo-Greek king Menander.



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Question6)

Konark Temples are related to which of the following dynasties ?


[A] Ganga

[B] Pallavas

[C] Chandelas

[D] Cholas



Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: A

Explaination:  A [Ganga]


Notes:

The Sun Temple at Konarak was built in about 1250 AD by the East Ganga king Narasimhadeva in order to commemorate military successes against Muslim invaders.It is also known as the Black Pagoda.



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Question7)

Who is the author of Devichandraguptam?


[A] Vishakhadatta

[B] Dandin

[C] Bharavi

[D] Kalidas



Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: A

Explaination: : A [Vishakhadatta]


Notes:

Devi-Chandraguptam is the Sanskrit play of Vishakhadeva (Vishakhadatta). Its the story of Gupta King Ramagupta who decides to surrender his queen Dhruvadevi to a Shaka invader but his younger brother Chandragupta enters the enemy camp disguised as queen and kills the enemy. In the climax of the play, Chandragupta dethrones Ramagupta and marries Dhruvadevi. Kindly note that an 11th century Persian text Majmal-ut-Tawarikh includes some parts of the plot of this play.



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Question8)

Konark Temples are related to which of the following dynasties ?


[A] Ganga

[B] Pallavas

[C] Chandelas