History of India and Freedom StruggleGeneral Knowledge Teaching Exams State Level Railways SSC Compu

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Question1)

Who was ‘rathakara’?


[A] Chariot makers

[B] Weaver

[C] Handicrafts men

[D] Smelters



Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: A

Explaination: : A [Chariot makers]


Notes:

Rathakara were the chariot makers during the Later Vedic times. They enjoyed a very high status and were entitled to the sacred thread ceremony during the Later Vedic period.



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Question2)

The monks who had knowledge of a minimum of ten Purvas were known as which of the following?


[A] Ganadharas

[B] Srut-kevlis

[C] Angbahyas

[D] None of the above



Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: B

Explaination: : B [Srut-kevlis]


Notes:

The Jain monks who had knowledge of at least of ten Purvas or the ‘early’ or ‘previous texts’ which are considered original teachings of the Jinas were called as the Srut-kevlis.



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Question3)

At which age Mahavira renounced the world in search of truth?


[A] 25

[B] 30

[C] 32

[D] 35



Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: B

Explaination: : B [30]


Notes:

Initially Mahavira led a householder’s life. He was married to Yashoda, and had a daughter named Priyadarshana. He renounced the world at the age of 30 in search of truth and became an ascetic.



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Question4)

Which of the following was the first disciple of Mahavira?


[A] Jamali

[B] Trishala

[C] Yasodha

[D] Prabhash



Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: A

Explaination: A [Jamali]


Notes:

Jamali who was also the son-in-law of Mahavira was the first disciple of Mahavira. Jamali met Mahavira in the Kundagrama village where Mahavira was born. Jamali took vow along with five hundred of the warrior caste.



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Question5)

The second Buddhist council was held under the patronage of which of the following kings?


[A] Kanishka

[B] Kalasoka

[C] Ashoka

[D] Ajatshatru



Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: B

Explaination: : B [Kalasoka]


Notes:

The second Buddhist council was conducted by the king Kalasoka at Vaishali in 383 BCE. The president of the second council was monk Sabbakami. The objective of the meeting was to settle a debate on certain practices of Buddhist monks.



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Question6)

The law of dependent organization or patichcha-samuppada refers to


[A] Path to attain moksha.

[B] Explains the reasons of dukkha as well as the key to its liberation.

[C] Gives the account of pancha-khanda

[D] Circle of life and death.



Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: B

Explaination:  B [Explains the reasons of dukkha as well as the key to its liberation.]


Notes:

The law of dependent organization or patichcha-samuppada as mentioned in Buddhism explains the reason of all dukkha, as well as the key to its liberation. There are 12 components arranged in a wheel and one leading to next.



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Question7)

Which of the following statements are correct with respect to Ajivikas?

  1. Karma is a fallacy.

  2. 2. Nirvana was only reached after living through an immense number of lives.

  3. 3. Ajivikas practiced austerities.

  4. Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1

[B] Only 2 & 3

[C] Only 3

[D] 1, 2 & 3



Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: D

Explaination: : D [1, 2 & 3]


Notes:

The following statements are correct with respect to Ajivikas:

  1. They believed that karma is a fallacy.

  2. 2. They believed that nirvana can only be reached after living through an immense number of lives.

  3. 3. Ajivikas practiced austerities.


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Question8)

Where was the capital of the state of Koliya situated?


[A] Sunsamagiri

[B] Kushinara

[C] Ramagrama