Indian Polity and Governance- constitution and political systemGeneral Awareness Teaching Exams Stat

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Question1) In which year was the Environment Protection Act enacted?


[A] 1986

[B] 1990

[C] 1992

[D] 1998


Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: A

Explaination: : A [1986]


Notes:

Environment Protection Act of 1986 was enacted by the Parliament of India in the wake of the Bhopal Gas Tragedy. The Government of India enacted the Environment Protection Act, 1986 under Article 253 of the Constitution.



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Question2)

Environment Protection Act, 1986 consists of how many sections?


[A] 25

[B] 26

[C] 27

[D] 28



Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: B

Explaination:  B [26]


Notes:

Environment Protection Act of 1986 consists of 26 sections and 4 chapters.  It was enacted for the purpose of implementing the decisions of the United Nations Conference on Human Environment.



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Question3)

The Clinical Establishments (Registration and Regulation) Act was passed in which year?


[A] 2010

[B] 2011

[C] 2012

[D] 2013



Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: A

Explaination: : A [2010]


Notes:

The Clinical Establishments (Registration and Regulation) Act was passed in the year 2010. It seeks to regulate all clinical establishments in India.  According to the Act the clinical establishments have to register themselves and provides a set of standard treatment guidelines for common diseases and conditions.



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Question4)

Which of the following come both in the jurisdiction of Supreme Court and High Courts?


[A] Protection from violation of the Constitution

[B] Dispute between Centre And States

[C] Protection of Fundamental Rights

[D] Mutual disputes among states



Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: C

Explaination: D [12 weeks]


Notes:

Maternity leave of 12 weeks to be available to mothers adopting a child below the age of three months from the date of adoption as well as to the “commissioning mothers” according to the  Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2017.



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Question5)

Which of the following is/are the qualifications to be appointed as a district judge?

  1. He should not already be in the service of the Central or the state government.

  2. 2. He should have been an advocate or a pleader for seven years.

  3. 3. He should be recommended by the high court for appointment.

  4. Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1

[B] Only 1 & 2

[C] Only 2 & 3

[D] 1, 2 & 3



Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: D

Explaination: D [1, 2 & 3]


Notes:

The following are the qualifications for a person to be appointed as a district judge: (1) He should not already be in the service of the Central or the state government, (2) He should have been an advocate or a pleader for seven years and (3) He should be recommended by the high court for appointment.



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Question6)

Which article provides for free legal aid to the poor and weaker sections of the society and ensures justice for all?


[A] Article 38

[B] Article 39

[C] Article 39A

[D] Article 40



Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: D

Explaination:  C [Article 39A]


Notes:

Article 39A of the Indian Constitution provides for free legal aid to the poor and weaker sections of the society and ensures justice for all. It comes under Directive Principles of State Policy.



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