Indian Polity and Governance- constitution and political systemGeneral Awareness Teaching Exams Stat

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Question1)

Which act provided for the establishment of Railway Claims Tribunal?


[A] Railway Claims Tribunal Act,1987

[B] Railway Claims Tribunal Act, 1995

[C] Railway Claims Tribunal Act, 2000

[D] Railway Claims Tribunal Act, 2015



Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: A

Explaination:  A [Railway Claims Tribunal Act,1987]


Notes:

The Railway Claims Tribunal Act,1987 provided for the establishment of Railway Claims Tribunal fro inquiring into and determining claims against a railway administration for loss, destruction damage etc.



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Question2)

Who conducts elections to panchayats and municipalities in the states?


[A] Election Commission of India

[B] State Election Commission

[C] District Election Commission

[D] None of the above



Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: B

Explaination:  B [State Election Commission]


Notes:

The Constitution of India provides for a separate State Election Commission for elections to the panchayats and municipalities in the states.



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Question3)

Which of the following is the consequence if NOTA votes exceeds 50%?


[A] Elections are cancelled

[B] It does not affect the election results 

[C] Election is again organised in constituencies where NOTA vote was more than 50%

[D] None of the above



Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: B

Explaination: B [It does not affect the election results ]


Notes:

NOTA votes does not affect the election results even if the NOTA votes exceed 50% of the total votes cast. The winner is selected on the basis of rest of votes by first past the post system.



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Question4)

Who appoints the chairman op UPSC?


[A] President

[B] Prime Minister

[C] Parliament

[D] Cabinet




Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: A

Explaination: : A [President]


Notes:

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) consists of a chairman and other members who are appointed by the president of India. The Constitution of India, without specifying the strength of the Commission has left the matter to the discretion of the president, who can determines its composition.



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Question5)

Which article contains provisions regarding removal and suspension of a member of a Public Service Commission?


[A] Article 317

[B] Article 318

[C] Article 319

[D] Article 320



Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: A

Explaination: : A [Article 317]


Notes:

Article 317 of the Constitution of India contains provisions regarding removal and suspension of a member of a Public Service Commission. Articles 315 to 323 in Part XIV of the Constitution contain elaborate provisions with respect to UPSC.



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Question6) .In which year National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) was set up?


[A] 1991

[B] 1992

[C] 1993

[D] 1994




Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: C

Explaination:  C [1993]


Notes:

The National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) was set up in the year 1993 as per the Supreme Court judgement in the Mandal case of 1992. The Supreme Court of India directed the central government to constitute a permanent statutory body to examine the complaints backward classes



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Question7) The Chairperson of the National Commission for women submits his/her resignation to?


[A] Rajya Sabha

[B] President

[C] Central government

[D] Supreme Court



Option- ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']

Answer: C

Explaination: : C [Central government]


Notes:

The chairperson & members may by writing, addressed to the Central Government of India, resign from the office of chairperson or, as the case may be, of the member at any time.



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Question8)

Which of the following statements are correct with respect to National Human Rights Commission?

  1. The functions of the commission are mainly recommendatory in nature.

  2. 2. It has no power to punish the violators of human rights.

  3. 3. It can award any relief including monetary relief to the victim.

  4. Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1

[B] Only 2

[C] Only 1 & 2

[D] Only 2 & 3



Option- ['A', '